How Mutual Funds Leverage Compounding for Growth

Are you looking for a way to maximize your investment returns and build wealth over the long term? Compounding could be the key to achieving your financial goals.

What is Compounding?

Compounding means earning interest on interest. In the context of investments, it allows your money to grow exponentially over time. Mutual funds, however, do not provide a fixed interest rate. Instead, their returns depend on market performance. So, how does compounding help in mutual funds?

Mutual Fund Returns

Types of Returns

  1. Absolute Returns: This is the simple profit made from an investment without considering the time period.
    • Calculation: Absolute return=(Final value−Initial investmentInitial investment)×100\text{Absolute return} = \left(\frac{\text{Final value} – \text{Initial investment}}{\text{Initial investment}}\right) \times 100Absolute return=(Initial investmentFinal value−Initial investment​)×100
  2. Annualized Returns or Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR): This measures the average annual return of an investment over a specific period.
    • Calculation: Annualized return=(1+absolute return)1n−1\text{Annualized return} = \left(1 + \text{absolute return}\right)^{\frac{1}{n}} – 1Annualized return=(1+absolute return)n1​−1 where nnn is the number of years.


  • Fund A: Grows from Rs 10,000 to Rs 15,000 in 3 years.
    • Absolute return: 50%
    • Annualized return: 14.47%
  • Fund B: Grows from Rs 10,000 to Rs 18,000 in 5 years.
    • Absolute return: 80%
    • Annualized return: 12.47%

Though Fund B had a higher absolute return, Fund A had a better annualized return, indicating more efficient growth.

What is compound interest mutual funds?

Compounding is the process where both the principal and the accumulated interest earn interest. This can happen daily, monthly, half-yearly, or annually. More frequent compounding periods lead to higher investment value.

Future Value Calculation

To calculate the future value using compound interest:Future value=Present value×(1+in)nt\text{Future value} = \text{Present value} \times \left(1 + \frac{i}{n}\right)^{nt}Future value=Present value×(1+ni​)nt


  • iii is the annual interest rate,
  • nnn is the number of compounding periods per year,
  • ttt is the duration in years.

How Compounding works in Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds don’t pay fixed interest but can grow through:

  1. Dividends: Reinvesting dividends can buy more units, leading to compounding.
  2. Capital Gains: Distributions can be reinvested to purchase additional units.
  3. SIP Investments: Regular investments through a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) accumulate over time, enhancing compounding effects.


  • Anita: Invests Rs 5,000 monthly from age 25 to 60 at 14% return.
    • Total Investment: Rs 21 lakhs
    • Final Amount: Rs 5.61 crore
  • Deepa: Invests Rs 12,000 monthly from age 40 to 60 at 14% return.
    • Total Investment: Rs 28.8 lakhs
    • Final Amount: Rs 1.57 crore

Anita, despite investing less monthly, accumulates significantly more due to a longer investment duration.

Power of Compounding


  1. Wealth Accumulation: Compounding significantly increases wealth over time.
  2. Bridging Shortfall: Helps in meeting financial goals.
  3. Inflation Balance: Mutual funds can offer inflation-beating returns through compounding.

Rules for Maximizing Compounding

  1. Start Early: The earlier you invest, the more time your money has to grow.
  2. Be Consistent: Regular investments, ideally 20% of your income, ensure steady growth.
  3. Step Up Investments: Increase investments with income growth to stay ahead of inflation.
  4. Practice Patience: Stay invested long-term to ride out market volatility.

Difference Between CAGR and Compound Interest

  • Compound Interest: Refers to earning interest on both the principal and accumulated interest.
  • CAGR: Represents the average annual growth rate of an investment over a specified period.

Tools for Compounding Calculation

Interest calculators, such as Mutual Fund Calculator, can help estimate returns by calculating both simple and compound interest based on user inputs.


Does Mutual Funds SIP Give Compound Interest?

Mutual funds do not offer fixed interest rates, but investments grow over time through the power of compounding.

Is Compound Interest Good for Short-Term Investors?

Compounding is more effective in the long term, making it less beneficial for short-term investors.

Do Any Investments Compound Daily?

Some bank savings accounts compound interest daily, but most investments do not.

Is SIP Compounded Monthly or Annually?

SIP investments are made monthly, but the compounding effect accumulates over the long term.

Is Mutual Fund Interest Compounded Monthly or Yearly?

Mutual funds do not pay fixed interest, and their growth over time is due to the compounding effect of reinvested returns.

Final Words

Understanding the power of compounding and applying it effectively through mutual funds can significantly enhance wealth accumulation and help achieve long-term financial goals

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